The goal was to learn how to create an interesting form using only curvilinear features. An essence of fluidity was to be captured and demonstrated in this “flowform,” where the overall shape and language of the piece were continuous and consistent. In terms of functionality, I was to incorporate these features in order to create a spatula that was ergonomically fit to my own hand.

To begin, I drew fair curves depicting both a side and top view of a potential spatula design, which were analyzed both aesthetically and functionally. I then fabricated a few mock models of my chosen direction out of foam in order to be able to manipulate it in physical space. The final model was made out of poplar using only four cuts on a band saw and hand sanding the rest.

The outcome is a form that exhibits both sculptural qualities, yet has inherent functionality. The handle is
comfortable to hold, permitting ergonomic use, while
the chamfers and curves flow into and accentuate
one another.



Next, I had to create a footstool that was made up of four boards of wood. The boards were to be cut into geometric shapes and arranged so that only perpendicular and parallel relationships existed. Through the development of this foot stool, I gained an understanding of hierarchy and learned how to activate space in all three dimensions. 

I began by creating various shapes out of foam core and then arranged them into foot stool-like formations. When a promising arrangement was found, more iterations were made to perfect the form. The final shapes were scaled to 400 percent and cut out of poplar, and were then sanded, finished, and pieced together to create the final foot stool.

The result was functional as a foot stool in many orientations and was also something that could serve as a sculptural piece.



I were given an air plant and told to find a rock and a stick that would complement or enhance the features of my plant. I then had to create an environment to house these three elements in a way that was visually supportive. The vessel was also meant to help increase my understanding of rotational form.

After having experimented with different rotational forms, I chose one that was to be produced out of wood on a lathe. The piece was altered so that it would stand in the proper position and was then split in half. The next step was to vacuum form styrene over each half of the form so that a cavity could be created between the two layers of styrene to hold the sand. Additional details were added by cutting certain parts of the form away and adding more layers of styrene. Ultimately, the two halves were bonded together to create the final vessel for our plant, rock, and stick.

The final form was inspired by various features of the plant, rock, and stick and complemented them accordingly. The environment that was created was both visually and physically comfortable for the three items it housed.


The purpose of this exercise was to create two primitive hand tools; a hand axe and a scraper. I was to create them so that the handled end and the function end morphed into one another seamlessly. The two individual tools were also supposed to be semantically similar and present themselves well as a set. They were also made ergonomically to fit my grip.

Brainstorming started by forming Play-Doh in the hand and then observing the imprints that were left. These were used to inspire sketches and different hand holds that might work for each respective tool. The next step was to create the tools out of chavant clay and make alterations to improve their form. The final forms were sanded out of dense foam and painted with gray primer to emphasize their features.

The resulting tools could stand alone, but also serve well as a set. They are modern forms that succeed in exhibiting primitive influence. Each is comfortable to use and has fluid, semantically consistent features.